ST. LORENZO

every day from 9.30 am to 17.30


Entrance fee
Full € 4,00
Reduced € 2,00 (*)

Ruins with Museum 

€ 7,00 (adults);

€ 4,50 (students)


How to arrive

Roads and Transport:

Subways: Line 1 stop: Università

Bus E1 - R2 - R3



DUOMO ST. GENNARO


Entrance Fee


Duomo € 2,00

Baptistery € 2,00

A fascinating tour under the churches of our millenary city. Discovering extraordinary Greco-Roman settlements.


Tour price: 150 €


Tour type: Archaeology and History tour; Private tour; Walking tour.


Duration: 2,5 hours


Running days: Every day in the morning


Maximum travelers: 10 (a small group guarantees a service of better quality) Tours for larger groups can be arranged.


Main visited places: The tour includes a visit to San Lorenzo Maggiore, its underground archaeological area and nice archaeological Museum. San Lorenzo is one of the oldest churches in the city, located in Via dei Tribunali, corresponding with the central decumanus of the ancient Neapolis.


The tour continues at the Duomo of St. Gennaro, the main church of the city, whose underground display beautiful roman remains.

We can’t miss the Battistero of St.Giovanni in Fonte dating back the IV century, the oldest baptistery in the west Mediterraneum.


What’s not included: Entrance ticket (St.Lorenzo Ruins + Museum 7€; Duomo’s Archaeological area 2€; Baptistery 2€ );

Transportation (It can be arranged with Mercedes Limousine, Mini Van or Bus; Hotel pick-up or drop-off)


Kid Friendly: Yes


Disable friendly: Yes

I can arrange an itinerary for people with reduced mobility.


 

TOUR DESCRIPTION

ST. LORENZO


It rises in the center of the ancient city where, in Greek and then Roman period, throbbing cultural heart of the city. The monument includes the Basilica of the Gothic period and the archaeological area. It 's one of the main monuments of Naples both for its architectural and artistic value and represents a cross section of 3500 years of history.


The Basilica was built between 1270 and 1275, on the site of an earlier church dating back to 533, built by Bishop Giovanni II. French architects built the apse, the only Italian example of French Gothic. In the first half of the XIV century, the work done by local architects, joined by antique columns in the nave, and subsequent rearrangements, due to the necessary reconstruction after damage done by earthquakes, introduced elements of baroque. In 1882 with the restoration work, interrupted several times and then completed in mid-900, baroque elements were removed with the exception of the front with the large marble portal, built by Ferdinando Sanfelice.


The interior of the cathedral is a Latin cross with a nave with side chapels, transept, apse, polygonal, setting a wonderful example of French architecture in Naples, formed in the inside of ten piers surrounded by a walkway on which open nine chapels. Many artists have contributed to the realization of the works, as Tino Camaino for the tomb of Catherine of Austria, the first wife of Duke Carlo of Calabria, son of King Roberto of Anjou and the Neapolitan sculptor Giovanni da Nola for the high altar of the Renaissance period.

The church, like all the other elements of the complex is full of historic memories: this church was consecrated priest St. Louis of Toulouse, son renounces the throne of Charles II of Anjou, depicted in the famous painting by Simone Martini, now at the Museum Capodimonte; in 1334 Boccaccio met his muse, Fiammetta, recognized by historians as perhaps Mary, daughter of King Roberto of Anjou; Francesco Petrarca lived in 1346 in the adjacent convent.

On the right of the church there are the convent, the bell tower with its four floors, the eighteenth-century cloister of marble and piperno well built by Cosimo Fanzago, the refectory and the chapter house.



Archaeological excavations


The San Lorenzo is located near the agorà and the forum of the greek-roman city. Under the church was excavated a vast area where have been found a macellum, place for the sale of meet and fish, where you can still see a row of shops and some mosaics.

In the lower level are visible other shops planted on previous Greek structures made of large square blocks of tufa stone dating from the IV century BC; ovens and vats for dyeing fabrics are also visible. At the end of the terrace the shops end in an arcade with small rooms, where have been seen counters for the sale of goods or probably used for collective banquets.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL TOURS IN THE

UNDERGROUND NAPLES


INFO

GALLERY

THE DOME OF ST.GENNARO


The Duomo was built in the XIII century for the determination of the King Roberto D’Angiò; it included part of the Basilica of Santa Restituta, whose entrance is found today along the left nave of the main Cathedral. Inside the Duomo, along the right aisle, there is the baroque chapel with the Treasure of San Gennaro, the patron of the city, containing the Saint’s remains and the ampulla with the coagulated blood of the martyr collected straight after his decapitation. The liquefaction of the blood (which happens three times a year: on 19th September, 16th December and the Saturday before the first week of May) is an important event that attracts thousands of people. The blood does not always liquefy and when this happens, Neapolitan believers that the city will go through terrible fortunes.

At the end of the 1960s, some restoration works brought to light a vast archaeological area going from the Greek period to mediaeval times, in the foundation of Santa Restituita. We can see part of a wall and of street flooring from Greek times, about 12 meters of wall in Opus reticulatum from Roman times, some rooms probably used as inns, fragments of mosaics with big tails and geometrical lines remembering patterns dating back the V century, terracotta pipelines under the floor letting us think about the presence of spas, and traces of other rooms probably used for religious proposes, as a testimony of the millenary use of the area as a place for devotion and religious practices. To the right of the apse of Santa Restitura there is the entrance to Baptistery of St. Giovanni in Fonte, the oldest  in the Western Europe.

It was the baptistery of ancient Cathedral, rebuilt by the Bishop Severo in the IV century, adorned by mosaics that draw the admiration of the spectators; it's a priceless monument of sacred archeology. In the middle of the little dome there is the Christ's monogram in a blue dish; the dome is then divided into eight vertical corners and vertically there are flowers, fruits and birds.

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